The test lanes are on level and sloping ground with a variety of soil conditions. These test lanes are seeded with hundreds of MRM which replicate real AP mines (including PMA-1, PMA-2, PMA-3, PMN and Type 72A) in shape, size, weight, fuze principle and trigger force characteristics. The reproduction mines do not contain explosive. Each mine is uniquely identified and can be remotely interrogated by means of a hand-held reader which logs location and functional state. The reader is used to determine whether the mine has fired.
The CCMAT has a working relationship with the Prairie Agricultural Machinery Institute (PAMI) in Humboldt, Saskatchewan. Since most of the candidates for adaptation as MAE come from the forestry, agricultural or mining industries, the CCMAT normally conducts a preliminary evaluation at PAMI. These evaluate criteria such as performance on terrain with brush and tree overgrowth (not readily available at CCMAT), reliability assessment and power output and efficiency.