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The Netherlands

Address: TNO-Physics and Electronics Laboratory

Oude Waalsdorperweg 63

P.O. Box 96864

2509 JG The Hague

Country: The Netherlands

Point of contact

Name: Ric Schleijpen
Organization: TNO-FEL
Function: Programme Manager Demining Research
Phone / Fax: + 31 70 374 0045; + 31 70 374 0654

General information

Indoor test area (m2): 10000 total
Outdoor test area (m2): 40000 total

List of testing facilities available

  • TNO Outdoor Detection test-lanes facility
  • TNO Indoor GPR test facility
  • TNO Ballistic Laboratory

At these facilities a number of targets is available (depending on the facility)

  • mines with explosives (without ignitor)
  • production mines with explosive removed (with and without substitute)
  • simulant mines
  • calibration targets

Completed, ongoing and planned test & evaluation projects

  • HOM-2000 National programme on the verification of the use of COTS sensors for landmine detection (GPR, MD, TIR)Vapour detection
  • Vapour Detection: This investigation described values for the vapour concentration of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) from buried land mines. Laboratory experiments were performed with TNT and DNT in polyethylene bags and AP-mines number 22C1 buried in pure sand and garden mould, both wet and dry.
  • "International Pilot Project for Technology Co-operation (IPPTC)"; a comparative study of the performance of off the shelf metal detectors. Final Report EUR 19719 EN.
  • Testing of ground-penetrating radar (GPR) sensors using the outdoor mine-test lane. Among others a GPR sensor built by University Delft has been tested.
  • Data collection for multi-sensor detection techniques. The high quality positioning system facilitates the registration of the data of the sensors, which is necessary for fusion.
  • Active thermal infrared, Multi/Hyper spectral, Polarised Infrared data collection for national projects.
  • Data collection for EU-projects GEODE, LOTUS, ARC in co-operation with project partners


  • There are over 30 highly-qualified scientists and engineers working on different aspects of humanitarian demining at TNO. As well as scientific and technical skills, many of these people have a good understanding of the practical aspects of demining and the needs of the demining community. The facilities at TNO are suitable for the evaluation of sensors and sensing techniques. Prototype or commercial mine-detection equipment can be tested in controlled conditions indoors and outdoors.
  • Test protocols have been developed for all tests.
  • The test facilities are well-suited to fundamental tests of the physical responses of targets to microwave, infrared or optical mine-detection techniques. Laboratory instruments will be more appropriate for making these measurements in most cases, rather than equipment for use in the field. In some cases however, the high degree of control offered by these facilities offers advantages for testing even field equipment that is in use with the demining community.

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