Eglin Air Force Base is located seven miles northeast of Fort Walton Beach, on the panhandle of Florida, 20n miles from Fort Walton Beach airport.
The Eglin Complex located in the Florida panhandle is composed of 724 square miles of land with 36 specific Test Areas and 133,927 square miles of the Eglin Gulf Test Range (EGTR) which extends to the Florida Keys.
The AFDTC Land Range Test Areas encompass the land and water test areas located within the 463,000 acres comprising the Eglin Reservation. The major Land Range Test Areas consist of TAs C-3, C-7, A-22, A-24, C-52 Complex, C-64 Complex, B-70, B-71, C-72 Complex, C-74 Complex, B-75, and C-80 Complex.
Topographical and geological description of the demonstration site
The Eglin land range covers 724 square miles. The Gulf Test Range, with 98,000 square miles, covers most of the Gulf of Mexico. Land Ranges are cleared and essentially level with some low rolling hills. The surrounding area features heavy vegetation, with numerous swamps, lakes, and streams. Nineteen miles of Air Force-owned beachfront property provides a unique land/sea interface with contrasting background/clutter environment especially useful for munition seeker testing. Elevation is sea level to approximately 100 feet. The soil is very uniform, high moisture, less lossy, sand.
Site vegetation and climate
The test complex is unique due to the concentration of many individual test areas encompassing a variety of environments (i.e., jungle, rolling hills, cleared flat areas, water areas, etc.) used for a variety of tests. Test site vegetation includes cleared oak stand and rapid growth.
The climate is varied, moderate, high humidity, and on the average: 364 days between 0o and 37o C (32 and 95 degrees F); 330 days between 30% and 80% relative humidity; and 358 days with visibility greater than 3 miles. There are many bugs that bite.
Equipment / instrumentation and data available for use at the site
Each test area operates through the Range Operations Control Center located in Building 104 on Eglin Main. Integration of one or more of the land test areas is accomplished by landline and radio communications.
The Meteorological Environmental Services system provides the means for obtaining needed meteorological and environmental measurements during tests. These data are gathered throughout the land range complex and span the atmosphere from the surface to altitudes of 30770m (100,000 feet). Portable equipment, including specialized instrumentation to support electro-optics tests, is available for deployment as required. 46th Test Wing observers support the range flying activity by taking weather observations at designated test areas.
Site specific issues
- There may be scheduling conflicts due to bombing missions, EOD disposal at C62, and nearby testing of weapon delivery systems.
- Overall support is excellent with vast contractor support available.
- Range hazards include UXO (primarily training hardware), snakes, scorpions, burrows, and lightning.